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The Digestive procedure - college of Michigan health System

Your digestive device is made up of a series of guts that allows your human body to obtain the nutrients and energy it requirements from the food we eat. As food travels through the digestive device it is damaged down, sorted, and reprocessed prior to being circulated roughly the human body to nourish and replace cells and supply energy to our muscles. 

Digestion starts in the mouth wherein chewing and also saliva breaks under food so that is more easily handle by your body. 

Esophagus: The esophagus is a muscular tube the connects the pharynx (throat) come the stomach. The stomach contracts together it move food into the stomach. A “valve” dubbed the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is located just before the opening to the stomach. This valve opens up to permit food pass into the stomach indigenous the esophagus and it prevents food native moving ago up right into the esophagus from the stomach. 

Medical conditions related to the esophagus:

Stomach: An body organ with solid muscular walls, the stomach hold the food and also mixes it v acid and also enzymes that proceed to rest the food down right into a fluid or paste.

Small Intestine (Small Bowel): Almost 20 feet long, the small intestine is the workhorse that the digestive system. It will proceed to break down food through enzymes released by the pancreas and bile exit from the liver. The is comprised of three segments, the duodenum, which proceeds the malfunction of food; and also the jejunum and also ileum, i m sorry are largely responsible because that the absorption of nutrients. 

Medical problems related to the tiny bowel:

Pancreas: Your kidnize is located behind your stomach and is attached come both your gall bladder and also your small intestines. Among other functions, the kidneys aids in cradle by producing digestive enzymes and secreting them right into the duodenum (the very first segment the the little intestine). These enzymes break down protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

Medical problems related come the pancreas:

Liver: An organ with numerous functions, your liver’s two main responsibilities in the procedure of digestion space to make and also secrete bile and to procedure and to wash the blood include newly took in nutrients that room coming from the small intestine. Bile has two key purposes: to help absorb fats and also to carry waste indigenous the liver the cannot go v the kidneys. 

Medical problems related to the liver:

Bile Ducts: Bile do in the liver travel to the small intestine v the bile ducts. If the bile isn’t necessary immediately, the is save on computer in the gallbladder.

Medical problems related to the bile ducts:

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped reservoir located simply under the liver that receives and stores bile made in the liver. The gallbladder sends out this stored bile right into the small intestine to assist in the cradle of food.

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Colon (Large Intestine): A 5- come 7-foot-long muscular tube the connects the little intestine come the rectum and is responsible for handling waste so that defecation is easy and also convenient. The is consisted of of the ascending (right) colon, the transverse (across) colon, the descending (left) colon and the sigmoid colon, which connects come the rectum. 

Medical procedure regarded the colon:

Rectum: An 8-inch chamber that connects the colon come the anus. The rectum receives stool native the colon, sends out signals come the brain if over there is stool to be evacuated, and holds stool until evacuation deserve to happen.

Anus:  The last part of the digestive tract, the anus, is composed of pelvic floor muscles and two anal sphincters (internal and external). Together their tasks are come detect rectal contents, whether they are liquid, gas or solid, and then manage when stool should and also shouldn’t be excreted from her body. 

University that Michigan program pertained to the anus:


Medical conditions Involving Multiple digestive Organs

There are plenty of medical problems that involve much more than one digestive organ. This include: