All cells are the exact same size and shape. every cells space the same size, but not every cells room the same shape. all cells are the very same shape, but not every cells space the exact same size. various cells have the right to have both different sizes and also different shapes.
TopicCellsCorrect AnswerDMisconceptionsAnswer Choices: A, B, CCEM001: every cells space the exact same size and also shape, i.e., over there is a generic cabinet (hunterriverpei.com project 2061, n.d.).

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NRC FrameworkMS LS1.A an organism may consist that one solitary cell (unicellular) or plenty of different number and types of cell (multicellular).
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What is TRUE around the size and shape that cells?

Students room expected to understand that:

every organisms, including animals, plants, fungi, and also microorganisms, are made up of cells. Cells vary in size, shape, and committed functions. many cells room so tiny that their details have the right to be seen just with a microscope. living things have the right to be make of just one cabinet to many millions the cells. some organisms room made that many types of cells and also many of each type. In single-celled biology such as bacteria, the single cell carries out all of the functions needed because that the biology to remain alive; in organisms made of many cells, individual cell work together with (depend on) other cells to carry out their vital life functions. In multicell organisms, the frameworks that consist of those biology (including brain, muscles, skin, and lungs in animals, and stems and flowers in plants) are consisted of of cells.

Boundaries:

Students are not intended to know the state "prokaryote" or "eukaryote" or the differences in between these types of cells. Items will not check students’ understanding of fungi. goal_id791IdeasItemid4216item_id3441idea_id281deleted0Goalcode5C/M1goal_textAll living things space composed of cells, from simply one to countless millions, whose details usually are visible only through a microscope. Various body tissues and organs are made up of various kinds that cells. The cell in comparable tissues and also organs in other pets are comparable to those in person beings but differ rather from cells found in plants.Misconception1196id1196code1ideaAll cells space the same size and also shape, i.e., over there is a generic cell (hunterriverpei.com job 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3747item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionCTopicshortCEshort_pubCEtopicCells: ingredient of Organisms, cabinet Structure, and also Divisionid31topic_infopublic_pr1topic_pubCellspublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id2NgssLink(empty)DistractorA0id1196code1ideaAll cells room the very same size and also shape, i.e., there is a generic cabinet (hunterriverpei.com job 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3745item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionADistractorB0id1196code1ideaAll cells room the exact same size and shape, i.e., there is a generic cell (hunterriverpei.com task 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3746item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionBDistractorC0id1196code1ideaAll cells space the exact same size and also shape, i.e., there is a generic cell (hunterriverpei.com project 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3747item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionCDistractorD(empty)DistractorE(empty)DistractorF(empty)Distractor0id1196code1ideaAll cells space the very same size and also shape, i.e., over there is a generic cabinet (hunterriverpei.com job 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3745item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionA1id1196code1ideaAll cells space the very same size and shape, i.e., there is a generic cell (hunterriverpei.com task 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3746item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionB2id1196code1ideaAll cells are the very same size and also shape, i.e., over there is a generic cell (hunterriverpei.com project 2061, n.d.).topic_id31public0deleted0ItemsMisconceptionid3747item_id3441misconception_id1196selectionCideas281id281codeAideaAll life things are composed that one or more cells.goal_id791topic_id31clarification

Students are expected to recognize that:

every organisms, consisting of animals, plants, fungi, and also microorganisms, are consisted of of cells. Cells vary in size, shape, and specialized functions. many cells are so tiny that your details deserve to be seen just with a microscope. living things deserve to be made of simply one cell to plenty of millions of cells. some organisms space made the many varieties of cells and also many of each type. In single-celled biology such as bacteria, the solitary cell dead out every one of the functions needed for the biology to remain alive; in organisms made of plenty of cells, individual cells work together with (depend on) other cells to lug out their vital life functions. In multicellular organisms, the structures that make up those organisms (including brain, muscles, skin, and lungs in animals, and stems and flowers in plants) are comprised of cells.

Boundaries:

Students room not supposed to recognize the terms "prokaryote" or "eukaryote" or the differences in between these species of cells. Items will certainly not check students’ expertise of fungi. complexity(null)public1deleted0282id282codeBideaAlthough there are countless different types of cell in terms of size, structure, and function, every cells have certain characteristics in common.goal_id793topic_id31clarification

Students room expected to know that:

every cells space composed of complex molecules make by the cells themselves from much easier molecules (such together amino acids, basic sugars, and also fatty acids) that go into the cell from exterior the cells. In multicell organisms, cells carry out structural support for the organism they are part of and carry out essential life attributes for the organism. In cells of plants and also animals, there are interior structures the perform committed functions such as extracting energy from food, making brand-new molecules for growth, and also eliminating wastes. In addition to the internal structures that perform specialized functions because that cells, the inner of cell is likewise filled with water and also molecules the are liquified in the water. A membrane makes up the outer surface the a cell, i m sorry controls what enters and leaves the cell. For example, small molecules such as amino acids, fat acids, and basic sugars can enter and leave v the cell's membrane. numerous of the same straightforward life processes, such as extracting power from food, making the products needed for their very own growth, and eliminating wastes, take ar within the individual cell of all organisms (including plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms). Plant and animal cells require molecules indigenous food, water, oxygen, and a method to remove wastes in bespeak to continue to function. Bacteria require molecules native food, water, and also a means to remove wastes to continue to function. Some bacteria need oxygen and also others do not.

Boundaries:

Students space not meant to know particular internal cell structures (organelles) or differences in between bacterial, plant, and animal cells. Students room not expected to understand the process of either energetic or passive transport through the cell membrane. Fungi and also microorganisms are used as contexts only once students are also told the these room living organisms. Students room not intended to know which bacteria require oxygen and also which carry out not, and also they room not intended to recognize the terms “anaerobic” and also “aerobic.” complexity(null)public1deleted0283id283codeCideaCells in multicell organisms repeatedly divide to make much more cells because that growth and repair. goal_id792topic_id31clarification

Students are expected to recognize that:

In multicell organisms, new cells needed for growth and also repair come indigenous the division of currently cells. Cell department results in the development of two practically identical cell from a single original cell. separation, personal, instance cells thrive by developing new complex molecules that make up the cells’ structures, using molecules indigenous food that get in the cells. In multicellular organisms, both an increase in individual cell mass and an increase in cell number reason the organism of which castle are part to rise in size and mass. The successive duplication the cells describes how multicellular organisms can develop from a solitary cell.

Boundaries:

Students are not meant to recognize that complying with the initial development of one organism’s human body structures, just certain species of cell divide. They are not supposed to know that there are differences in rates of division between types of cells, the size of time various cells room alive, or any other details that the life bike of cells. Students room not supposed to recognize the state "mitosis" or "meiosis" or any type of of the terminology linked with the phases of cell division. complexity(null)public1deleted0284id284codeDideaDifferent body structures are comprised of different types of cells. goal_id791topic_id31clarification

Students are expected to understand that:

The various body frameworks of plants and animals (including brain, muscles, skin, and lungs in animals, and stems and flowers in plants) are made up of different species of cells. The different types of cells that consist of the body parts of pets develop indigenous one single cell. The different types of cells that comprise the body parts of plants can develop from one single cell. after ~ a single cell goes with a collection of cabinet divisions, the cells begin to distinguish into a selection of species of cells with devoted structures and also functions. The different species of cells continue to reproduce and also further differentiate to kind the devoted body structures that comprise most multicellular organisms. groups of cells work-related together to perform dedicated functions in multicell organisms. These include.red blood cells, which lug oxygen to all cells that the body, muscle cells, which enable movement the the organism, and nerve cells, i m sorry transmit electric signals in between the mind and the rest of the body.

Boundaries:

Students space not expected to know the step of cabinet differentiation (e.g., blastula, gastrula) or the role of differential gene expression in cabinet differentiation. Students room not expected to know the process of cabinet differentiation. Students space not intended to understand that plants have the right to reproduce asexually (in which situation they come from numerous cells). complexity(null)public1deleted0topics47shortAPshort_pubAPtopicASPECt 3D Tasksid47topic_info

ASPECt 3D tasks

public_pr1topic_pub3D energy Taskspublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id3Post0id(null)content44shortAEshort_pubAEtopicArgumentation and Evolutionid44topic_infopublic_pr1topic_pubArgumentation and Evolutionpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id2Post0id(null)content5shortAMshort_pubAMtopicAtoms, Molecules, and States the Matterid5topic_info

This topic deals with the particulate nature that matter and also the simple assumptions the the kinetic molecule theory. Students are expected to understand these ideas and also to use them to provide molecular explanations of macroscopic phenomena such as the claims of matter, phase changes, and thermal expansion. Related ideas, and ideas that are taught earlier and also later, are consisted of on accompanying hunterriverpei.com maps. The ideas presented here are based on Chapter 4, ar D of Benchmarks for Science proficiency (BSL) and Physical scientific research Content typical B of nationwide Science education and learning Standards (NSES).

NOTE: Students room not expected to identify names or representations of certain atoms or molecules. Items handling atoms and also molecules will certainly use just the much more common atoms and also molecules, such as hydrogen, carbon, water, oxygen, air, alcohol, gold, iron, sulfur, etc.

public_pr1topic_pubAtoms, Molecules, and States that Matterpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id3Post0id50content

This topic encounters the particulate nature of matter and the an easy assumptions of the kinetic molecular theory. Students are expected to understand these ideas and also to usage them to administer molecular explanations the macroscopic phenomena such as the says of matter, step changes, and also thermal expansion. The ideas presented right here are based on Chapter 4, section D the Benchmarks for Science proficiency (BSL) and also Physical science Content typical B of national Science education and learning Standards (NSES), and also they are continual with the Physical science Content statements in the 2009 national hunterriverpei.com of Educational progression (NAEP) science Framework and also the physical science standards in The university Board standards for college Success.

NOTE: Students space not intended to recognize names or representations of particular atoms or molecules. Items managing atoms and also molecules will certainly use only the an ext common atoms and molecules, such as hydrogen, carbon, water, oxygen, air, alcohol, gold, iron, sulfur, etc.

The principles presented here are attracted from the message of chapter 5 of scientific research for all Americans, chapter 5 ar C the Benchmarks for science Literacy, and from Content typical C that the nationwide Science education Standards, and also they are continuous with the Life scientific research Content statements in the 2009 national hunterriverpei.com the Educational development (NAEP) science Framework and also the life scientific research standards in The university Board criter for university Success.

This object addresses claims of causal relationships, a major part of the work-related of science. That is vital for students to recognize when causal cases are being made the are based upon insufficient evidence and to know why these cases might no be valid. The ideas presented here are based upon Chapter 1: Nature the Science and Chapter 9: The Mathematical people of Benchmarks for Science proficiency (BSL) and also Science for all Americans.

public_pr0topic_pubControl that Variablespublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id4Post0id57content

This topic encounters the principles that in an experimental study, if girlfriend vary much more than one change at a time it is not feasible to identify the relationship between those variables and also the outcome of the experiment, and by changing one change at a time and also holding all various other relevant variables continuous it is feasible to recognize whether the one variable is regarded the outcome or not.

Students are not tested on their expertise of which variables the end of all possible variables could be pertained to the outcome. Nor room they experiment on the idea that it may not be possible to control or even identify all relevant variables. However, when provided the set of variables that they need to take into account, students room expected to recognize that in bespeak to recognize if over there is a relationship in between a particular variable and an outcome, all other variables in the set must remain constant.

The item probe student knowledge of this basic basis because that making insurance claims in science using four different varieties of items. These four types of items are provided below as A1 to A4, subcategories that the key idea.

The ideas that were tested are based upon benchmarks and standards indigenous Chapters 1 and also 12 of scientific research for every Americans, chapter 1 ar B and also Chapter 12 ar E the Benchmarks for scientific research Literacy, and Content typical A the the nationwide Science education Standards.

This power topic, EG, faces motion energy, thermal energy, gravitational potential energy, and also elastic potential energy. Connected ideas, and ideas that space taught earlier and later, are had on one accompanying hunterriverpei.com map. The principles presented right here are based on Chapter 4, section E, of Benchmarks because that Science proficiency (BSL) (see attachment A for the certain Benchmark). Other ideas around energy, including power conservation, energy transformation, and also energy transfer, will certainly be component of the NG energy topic.

Caution: The focus here is not on finding out the names of the forms of energy. The brand are provided to help us keep track that the energy.

Note: Students will not be assessed top top their expertise of the paragraph “kinetic energy” or “potential energy,” which are covered under a later idea, 4E/H9** (NSES). Although the hatchet “kinetic energy” will show up in parentheses whenever “motion energy” appears, and the term “potential energy” will certainly be offered in the paper definition of gravitational potential energy.

Note: Students are not expected to understand the difference between “weight” and “mass.”

public_pr0topic_pubEnergy: Forms, Transformation, Transfer, and also Conservationpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id3Post0id55content

This energy topic faces motion energy, thermal energy, gravitational potential energy, and elastic potential energy and also ideas about energy transformations, power transfer, and also conservation that energy. The principles presented here are based upon the power Transformations map in Atlas of scientific research Literacy, Volume 2 (hunterriverpei.com, 2007), and they are continuous with the Physical scientific research Content declaration in the 2009 nationwide hunterriverpei.com that Educational progress (NAEP) scientific research Framework and also the physical science standards in The college Board requirements for college Success.

Although we identify that over there is a distinction of opinion in the field about whether students should be taught the there space multiple develops of power or only one type that is materialized in a selection of contexts, we have chosen to use the language the “forms” because it is for this reason widely offered in college instruction and also because it gives a useful method to theorem the miscellaneous contexts in which energy is observed. The focus is not on learning the names of the develops of energy, but rather top top what each particular type of energy is connected with. For example, we suppose students to know that motion energy is connected with the speed and also mass of an object.

This power topic, NG, transaction with energy transformations, power transfer, and conservation of energy. Associated ideas, and also ideas that room taught earlier and later, are included on an accompanying hunterriverpei.com map (see page 11). The principles presented here are based on Chapter 4, section E, the Benchmarks for Science proficiency (BSL) and the power Transformations map the the Atlas of Science proficiency (see the appendix for the specific Benchmarks). Various other ideas around energy, consisting of motion energy, thermal energy, gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, chemical potential energy, and radiant energy (light) are component of the EG power topic.

Note: Students will certainly not it is in assessed ~ above their knowledge of the phrases “kinetic energy” or “potential energy,” which are covered under a later idea, 4E/H9** (NSES). Although the ax “kinetic energy” will appear in parentheses whenever “motion energy” appears, and also the hatchet “potential energy” will be offered in the context of gravitational potential energy.

See more: What Is 37.6 Celsius In Fahrenheit, Your Body Temperature Is 37

Note: Students are not intended to understand the difference in between “weight” and also “mass.”

public_pr0topic_pubEnergy: Forms, Transformation, Transfer, and Conservationpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id3Post0id(null)content35shortRGshort_pubRGtopicEnergy Instrument breakthrough Projectid35topic_infopublic_pr1topic_pubEnergy: Forms, Transformation, Transfer, and also Conservationpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id3Post0id(null)content43shortESshort_pubEStopicEvolution & mutual Biochemistryid43topic_infopublic_pr1topic_pubEvolution & common Biochemistrypublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id2Post0id(null)content15shortENshort_pubENtopicNatural Selectionid15topic_infopublic_pr0topic_pubEvolution and Natural Selectionpublic_items1idea_notes(null)item_notes(null)miscon_notes(null)ngss_notes(null)category_id2Post0id136content

The ideas presented below are drawn from the message of chapter 5 of science for every Americans, thing 5 ar F of Benchmarks for scientific research Literacy, and also from Content typical C that the national Science education Standards, and also they are constant with the Life scientific research Content declaration in the 2009 nationwide hunterriverpei.com that Educational development (NAEP) scientific research Framework and the life scientific research standards in The university Board requirements for university Success.