L>Freedom: A history of US. Webisode 9: functioning for Freedom. Segment 6 | PBS
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Segment 6
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The rise of LaborWhen Cyrus room McCormick opened the McCormick Harvester works in Chicago in the 1840s, he worked alongside his forty-three employees. That knew them every by name. That was the way of company in at an early stage America. Companies were an altering that. The McCormick manufacturing facility grew and also was soon making 1,000 reapers a year. Cyrus tho knew all 200 that his workers. Through 1884, the year McCormick died, his location covered twelve acres, and 1,300 men functioned ten-hour days, six days a week. That year the company showed a benefit of 71 percent. And also McCormick no much longer knew his workers. American business was heading in a different direction. Part owners of this huge, rich providers treated employees as if they were commodities, favor coal or lumber. They seemed to forget they were human being beings.Steelmen functioned twelve hours a day, six days a week, for tiny pay. Textile workers—many of them children—worked sixty come eighty hrs a week. Problems were often dangerous. Miners operated underground through explosives but without safety regulations . In one year, 25,000 workers passed away on the job; many more were injured. Son workers had three times as many accidents as adults. If a human being lost an arm in one accident, no one promoted doctor"s bills. If a worker complained, he to be fired. And also women were often paid fifty percent a man"s wages. And also then workers began to come together. One mill worker wrote: "A family of bright girl proposed that us should join with them, and type a tiny society because that writing and discussion. Us met, all set a constitution and by-laws, and named ourself the advancement Circle." that was the means some unions acquired started. Employees came together to shot to struggle for far better conditions, far better pay, or perhaps just for self-improvement . The union was prefer a club for workers. Human being tried to help each other solve the problems they had in common. Sometimes they decided not to occupational unless they to be paid far better wages. In other words, they went on strike. Naturally, owners hated strikes. They got laws passed the were anti-union. And they frequently fired anyone who joined a strike. Sometimes they rental police to break a strike, as Andrew Carnegie did once workers struck in ~ his steel mills. Businessmen regularly took the law right into their very own hands. If lock were powerful enough, they gained away v it. Cornelius Vanderbilt when said: "Law! What perform I care around law? H"ain"t I got power?"By 1920, half of all Americans lived in cities or towns. By then the U.S. To be the top industrial country in the world, through nine million manufacturing facility workers. Did friend know
that flexibility is adjusted from the award-winning Oxford University push multi-volume book series, A background of us by pleasure Hakim? Segment 6.


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