The whitetail deer or Virginia deer is native to the east UnitedStates. That is range, however, expand over most of the united States,southern Canada, Mexico, central America, and northern south America. Thewhitetail deer is known for that characteristic long tail, i beg your pardon is whiteunderneath. The whitetail deer is just one of the biggest American deer.The buck, ~ above average, reaches about 6 feet in length and also 3 come 4 feet in heightat the shoulders. The weighs native 100 to 300 pounds or more. InAmerica today, the whitetail deer is among the most renowned big-game animalshunted. Belonging come the family members Cervidae, the is classified together Odocoileusvirginianus.

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History

The whitetail deer is believed to have migrated come the hold together Statesapproximately 4 million years ago. End time, the deer population hasfluctuated. Regardless of declines in the population, with brand-new technologyand innovations the whitetail has become one the the most widespread deer in theworld today. North American"s whitetail population is estimated at 20 to 25million deer.

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Anatomy

Whitetail deer are ruminant (cud-chewing)animals with four chambered stomachs.When deer feed, castle tongue food to the ago of their mouths and also chew justenough come swallow. ~ a deer filling its paunch, that lies under to chew itscud. After ~ chewing that cud a while, the deer reswallows the food and itpasses in come the second portion of the stomach. After about 16 hrs foodpasses to the third chamber. The fourth chamber produces acid tobreak down the food piece for much easier absorption the the ingredients. Adeer urinates and also defecates on mean of about 13 times a day.

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Antlersare a buck"s crowning glory. They are composed that bone. The is thefastest growing tissue, growing and average that 1 to 2 inches per week in thespring and also summer. Velvet covers growing antlers. The velvetcontains blood vessels and also nerve ending making them sensitive to thetouch. As soon as antlers reach complete growth and mineralize in so late summer.After the breeding season a new set the antlers start to grow.

Deersee finest at night. The can see part 310 degrees due to their eyes beingset come the side of their head. Their vision is no acute though. Insunlight, a deer"s student contract right into narrow bands. This letsa buck or doe focus throughout a broad swath that horizon. Deer carry out not have manyof the additional visionary features that human beings take for granted.Deer watch at a reduced resolution which permits usto hide in ours camouflage.

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The whitetail has a sense of hearing the is crucial. The deer can easilypick increase a faint sound and also in a split-second recognize the almost right distanceto the noise. The deer"s ear contain many complicated muscles that movefreely. The ears rotate in every directions to home in sounds.

The main purposes of a deer"s coat room camouflage and thermoregulatoin.The process of molting is farming a different coat in summer and also winter.No issue the season, deer sport a white throat patch. A fawn is born withreddish brown coat speckled with white spots. This enables a tiny deer toblend with its surroundings. Summer coats room thin, helping deer deal with withthe heat., by September, the red coat begins to fade come gray andthicken to assist keep the deer warm in cold weather and also snow. During therut, some bucks construct dark face hair.

The life expectancy is 15 t0 20 years, yet most only live from 1 1/2 to 2 1/2because that predators, hunters, disease, and also being fight by cars. Throughout thefirst 14 years of a doe"s life, she may have actually up to 31 fawns--one her first yearsof maturity and also two each year after that.

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Habitat and Food

Deer inhabit a little home selection of about 1 square mile. In northernstates, deer have larger residence ranges. Deer adapt really easily.The whitetail deer is a woodland animal, yet it isnot discovered in the deep, unbroken forest. That favors the sunny glades whereit have the right to feed on leaves, buds, and also twigs of woody bushes, as well asgrass.

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Hyperlinks

TheWhite-tailed Deer

White-tailed Deer Whitetails top top the Web

NMNH department of systematic Biology, department of Mammals - Mammal types of the human being Home Page