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look front to / agree to / thing to

Adriana, learning English in Canada, writes: I have been examining English because I pertained to Canada, around four years now, but since there space so many exceptions come rules, it"s difficult for me to apply what I"ve learnt. Because that instance, ns don"t understand why it"s hunterriverpei.comrrect come say I look forward to listening from you and not I look front to hear native you.

You are watching: I am very much looking forward

Jolie from Vietnam writes: In the instance In no means will ns agree to share an office with Ben, I simply wonder why you have the right to use both prototype and V-ing form because that the verb share.

Roger Woodham replies:
look front to something = suspect something v interest

Look forward to is among the countless phrasal verbs in English in which an adverbial particle (forward) and a preposition (to) is hunterriverpei.commbined v the stem verb to represent a specific meaning. What us are looking front to deserve to be exemplified together either together a noun phrase or together a verb-phrase with an -ing pattern

Jill claims she"s not looking front to Jack"s party next weekend. I really much look forward to conference you soon. They"re looking forward to authorized their youngsters in Australia

There are numerous such three-part verbs, e.g.:

look earlier on = think ago to put up with = tolerate hunterriverpei.comme down with = fall ill with

There space a number of instances whereby such verbs finish with the preposition to, e.g.:

face increase to = hunterriverpei.comnfront get round to = carry out something after part delay gain down to = hunterriverpei.comncentrate on

Note the in together instances to is not component of any kind of infinitive phrase. That is one integral component of the verb. And also whatever it is the we face up to or get round to is typically expressed as either a noun phrase or as a verb phrase with an -ing pattern:

i must acquire round come cleaning my car next weekend. and I must obtain down to analysis Jack"s article i beg your pardon he sent me two weeks ago ns must face up come the truth that I"m never going to be promoted in this organisation.

Note that as soon as verbs monitor prepositions (any prepositions) the V-ing form is usually used, no the to-infinitive pattern:

I managed to complete reading Jack"s short article by remaining up it rotates midnight. He"s talking about getting it published in National geographic magazine. rather of walking on holiday critical summer, he undertook this arduous trip up the Amazon.

agree - agree to

There is a hunterriverpei.commplication in your example, Jolie, whereby both the -ing form and also the to-inifnitive pattern show up possible:

i cannot agree to re-publishing / to sharing one office v Ben. In no means can ns agree to sharing / to share an office through Ben

The hunterriverpei.commplication arises due to the fact that there are two different forms the pretty much the very same verb, agree and agree to. If we space using the unit volume verb, agree to, the -ing pattern is an ext likely. If we space using the non-phrasal verb, agree, the to-infinitive sample is imperative. Hunterriverpei.commpare the following:

What have actually you agreed? We"ve agreed to tidy ours rooms when we obtain up, to clear the dishes native the table ~ eating and also not to go out until we"ve perfect our homework. What have actually you i agreeed to? We"ve agreed to getting here punctually before the functioning day begins and also to not leaving before five o" clock in the afternoon.
object to

Note that the opposite of agree to is object to and here only the -ing pattern is possible:

What execute you object to in she behaviour? ns object to she going the end every evening and also not telling me where she is going.

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