This overview is design to aid self-publishers with usual questions around the logistics of publication publishing and basic book design.

When you open a publication anywhere, you’ll see 2 pages: a left-hand page and also a right-hand page, which challenge each other. These two pages together are referred to as a spread.

You are watching: Right hand page of an open book

Each ar of your book should begin on a right-hand page. The title page is always a right-hand page, the table of contents begins on a right-hand page, thing 1 starts on a right-hand page, and so on.

Book designers call these two pages by the Latin state “recto” because that the right-hand page and also “verso” for the turning back or left-hand page. This consumption may aid you remember the each new section constantly starts on the recto or right-hand page, no on the ‘reverse’.

The accuse just defined are for books in language that, favor English, read from left to right. Book design for languages that review right to left, such as Hebrew and Arabic, is past the border of this guide.


Page number is numbered


Because new sections that a book always start on a right-hand page, that’s whereby the page numbering beginning too.

Page 1 and also all odd-numbered pages are always right-hand pages.Page 2 and also all even-numbered pages are constantly left-hand pages.

Page 1 is usually the first page that the an initial chapter. The preceding pages (the frontmatter) must use roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc.) back they can be left unpaged if the frontmatter is an extremely brief.

The odd-even rule uses within the frontmatter too. Web page vii is one odd number (7) for this reason it should be a right-hand page. Web page xxiv is an even number (24) for this reason it need to be a left-hand page.


Running heads


Running heads are the quick titles at the optimal of most pages of your book. Occasionally, a designer will collection them in ~ the bottom that the page, in which situation they space running feet.

Running heads room not supplied on display screen pages:

any one-page element, such as the location page, reverse title page, dedication pagethe very first page of any multiple-page element, such as a thing or introduction

Running top are offered on the 2nd and following page of any kind of section that your publication that runs two or an ext pages.

The running head have the right to incorporate the page number. Or, the web page number can be collection at the bottom the the page by itself.

The contents of the to run heads relies on the structure of her book. See examples below.

See more: The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim: How To Call Horse In Skyrim, How To Call Horse

Example 1: A publication divided into parts, with parts divided into chapters

Verso (title of part 1)Recto (title of component 1, chapter 1)
Lincoln's early on LifeBorn ~ above the Frontier

Example 2: A publication divided right into chapters only

Running head ~ above verso (chapter title)Running head top top recto (chapter title)
Lincoln in CongressLincoln in Congress

Example 3: A publication with chapters written by different authors:

Running head ~ above verso (chapter author)Running head ~ above recto (chapter title)
William H. BeckwithLincoln in Congress

Example 4: running heads in frontmatter and backmatter. If your introductory product or appendixes room long sufficient to need running heads, use the exact same head top top both political parties of the spread:

Running head ~ above versoRunning head on recto
FrontmatterIntroductionIntroduction
BackmatterAppendix: Lincoln family TreeAppendix: Lincoln family members Tree