Ionic, covalent, and also metallic bonds room different types of chemical bonds. One ionic bond is formed when one atom donates valence electron to one more atom. A covalent bond is created when both the atom share pairs of valence electrons. A metallic bond is formed between a cloud of free electrons and also the positively charges ion in a metal.

You are watching: Similarities between ionic and covalent bonds

In ionic and also covalent bonds, the valence electron play a vital role in forming the bond. Atoms achieve a stable electronic configuration through transferring and sharing that electrons. As a result, the bonds come to be stable v well-defined strength and energy.

Ionic BondCovalent BondMetallic Bond

Ionic shortcut vs. Covalent shortcut vs. Metallic Bond

Occurs between


A metal and a nonmetal

Two nonmetals or a nonmetal and a metalloid

Positively charged ions and negatively charged electron cloud

Formation

Electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ion

Sharing bag of electrons

Electrostatic attraction between the delocalized electron cloud and also positively charged metal ions

Formation in between atoms that the same element

No

Yes

Electronegativity difference in between atoms

High (>2)

Low (Sodium chloride (NaCl) and also potassium iodide (KI)

Methane (CH4) and water (H2O)

Sodium (Na) and also potassium (K)

Similarities between Ionic and Covalent Bonds

Valance electrons get involved in bondingForm neutral, stable compoundsCompounds are developed through exothermic reactionsCompounds have faster rates that reactivityIonic compound are constantly polar. Part covalent compounds are also polar.Ionic compounds room crystalline. Part covalent link are additionally crystalline.

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Ionic vs Covalent Bonds

Similarities in between Ionic and also Metallic Bonds

Involve electrostatic attractionsMetallic bond has actually high thermal and also electrical conductivities. The ionic bond deserve to have high conductivities in molten state and solutions.Ionic compounds and also metals have actually high melting and boiling points.Ionic compounds and metals room solid at room temperature
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Ionic and Metallic Bonding

Similarities between Covalent and Metallic Bonds

Metals room solid at room temperature. Part covalent compounds space solid at room temperature.
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Covalent and Metallic Bonding