periosteum
AB
tough,fibrous tissue that creates the outermost extending of bone
compact bonedense hard and very strong bone that develops the protective external layer that bones. Aka cortical bone
spongy bonelighter and also not as solid as compact bone. Aka cancellous bone
medullary cavitycentral cavity located in the obelisk of long bones wherein it surrounded by compact bones. Red & YELLOW BONE MARROW are STORED
endosteumtissue the lines the medullary cavity
red bone marrowlocated within the spongy bone,manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin,white blood cells and also thrombocytes
hemopoieticpertaining come the formation of blood cells
yellow bone marrowfunctions together fat storage
cartilagesmooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts together a shock absorber between ones.


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Additionally make up flexible components of the skeleton
articular cartilagecovers the surface of the bones where they come with each other to type joints
meniscuscurved fibrous cartilage uncovered in part joints such as the knee
diaphysisshaft of a long bone
epiphyseswider ends of the lengthy bones
foramenopening in the bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and also ligaments pass
processnormal projection on the surface ar of a bone the most frequently serves as an attachment for a muscle/tendon
jointsaka articulations, location of union between 2 or much more bones
fibrous jointsconsisting of inflexible great of thick connective tissue
fontanellesaka soft spot space normally existing in the skull the a newborn
cartilaginous jointsallow only slight movement & covers bones connected entirely by cartilage
pubic symphysisallows some movement to facilitate childbirth
synovial jointcreated where 2 bones articulate to allow a selection of motions
ball & socket jointssuch together hips, enable a wide range of motion in plenty of directions
hinge jointsknees & elbows space synovial joints that permit movement in only 1 direction
synovial capsuleoutermost great of solid fibrous organization that each other a sleeve together it surrounds the joint
synovial membranelines the capsule & secretes synovial fluid
synvoial fluidflows in ~ the synovial cavity, acts together a lubricant to do smooth movement of the share possible
ligamentsbands that fibrous tissue that forms joints by connecting one bone to an additional bone or by joining a bone come cartilage
bursafibrous sac the acts together a cushion come ease motion in locations that room subject come friction
axial skeletonprotects the organs of the nervous, respiratory, and also circulatory systems
appendicular skeletonmakes body activity possible
craniumportion the the skull the encloses & protects the brain
suturesjagged fibrous joints that join the cranial bones together
frontal boneanterior section of the cranium that creates the forehead
parietal bones2 of the biggest bones of the skull. They type most of the roof & top sides the the cranium
occipital boneforms the back component of the skull & the base of the cranium
external listening meatusthe opened of the outside auditory canal the the outer ear
sphenoid boneirregular, wedge shaped bone in ~ the basic of the skull
ethmoid bonelight spongy bone situated at the roof and sides the the nose
auditory ossicles3 small bones situated in each center ear
nasal bonesupper component of the leg of the nose
zygomatic bonesaka cheekbones
maxillary bonesform many of the upper jaw
palatine bonesform the anterior(front) component of the tough palate of the mouth & floor the the nose
lacrimal bonesmake up part of the orbit(socket of the eye) in ~ the inner angle
inferior conchaethin scroll-like skeletal that kind part the the inner of the nose
vomer boneforms the basic of the nasal septum
mandibleaka jawbone, is the just movable bone in the skull
thoracic cavityaka rib cage, bony framework that protects the love & lungs
ribsaka costals attach posteriorly to the thoracic vertebrae
sternumaka breast bone flat dagger shame bone located in the center of the chest
manubriumbony structure that develops the upper section of the sternum
body that the sternumbony structure that creates the middle section of the sternum
xiphoid processstructure make of cartilage that forms the lower part of the sternum
pectoral girdlethe shoulders which assistance the eight & hands
clavicleaka collar bone, is a slim bone that connects the manubrium that the sternum to the scapula
scapulaaka shoulder blade
acromionextension of the scapula that develops the high suggest of the shoulder
humerusbone that the upper arm
radiussmaller much shorter bone in the forearm,runs up the thumb side the the forearm
ulnalarger,longer bone that the forearm
olecranon processaka funny bone, is a huge projection on the upper end of the ulna
carpalsbones that kind the wrist
metacarpals5 bones that kind the palm the the hand
phalangesare the 14 skeletal of the finger * skeletal of the toes together well
spinal columnaka vertebral pillar protects the spinal cord & supports the head and also body
vertebrae26 in the spinal column
laminaposterior part of the vertebrae
intervertebral disksmade of cartilage,separate & cushion the vertebrae from each other
cervical vertebraefirst set of 7 vertebrae and also they form the neck
thoracic vertebraeknown together T1 & T12, are the 2nd set of 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebraeknown as L1-L5, consist of the third collection of 5 vertebrae & together form the inward curve that the reduced spine
sacrumslightly bent triangular shaped bone near the basic of the spine that forms the lower section of the back
coccyxaka tailbone develops the end of the spine & is actually made the 4 tiny vertebrae that space fused together
pelvic girdleprotectsinternal organs and supports the lower extremities
iliumbroad blade shaped bone that develops the earlier & political parties of the pubic bone
sacroiliacthe slightly movable articulation in between the sacrum & posterior portion of the ilium
ischiumforms the lower posterior section of the pubic bone, bear the load of the body once sitting
pubisforms the anterior section ofthe pubic bone, located just listed below the urinary bladder
pubic symphysiscartilaginous joint the unites the left & appropriate pubic bones
acetabulumaka i know well sockets, huge circular cavity in each side the the pelvis the articulates w/ the head that the femur to form the hip joint
femurslargest bones in the body
patellaaka knee cap, bonyanterior portion of the knee
poplitealposterior room behind the knee where the ligaments,vessels, and also muscles related to this joint are located
cruciate ligamentsmake feasible the motion of the knee
tibiaaka shin bone is the larger anterior load bearing bone in the lower leg
fibulathe smaller sized of the two bones in the lower leg
anklesthe joints that connect the reduced leg & foot, make the essential movements possible
tarsalthe 7 quick bones of the ankle similar to the skeleton of the wrist,
malleolusrounded bony projection on the tibia & fibula on the sides of each ankle joint
talusthe ankle bone that articulates w/ the tibia & fibula
calcaneusaka hoe bone, llargest that the tarsal bones
metatarsals5 skeletal that type the component of the foot wherein the toes room attached
phalangesbones that the toe, additionally the fingers
chiropractorholds a dr the chiropractic degree & specializes in the manipulative treatment of disorders orginating native misalignment of the spine
orthopedic surgeonphysician that specializes in diagnosing & treating conditions & disorders involving bones, joints and also muscles
osteopathholds a dr of osteopathy degree & uses traditional forms of medical treatment in enhancement to specializing in dealing with health troubles by spinal manipulation
podiatristdr of podiatry level & specialization in diagnosing & dealing with disorders the the foot
rheumatologistphysician that specializes in diagnosis & therapy of arthritis and also disorders such together osteoporosis
ankylosisloss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury, or a operation procedure
arthrosclerosisstiffness of the joints
bursitisinflammation that a bursa
chondromalaciaabnormal softening that cartilage
chondromaslow farming benign tumor obtained from cartilage cells
costochondritisinflammation that the cartilage the connects a rib come the sternum
hallux valgusaka bunion, an abnormal enlargemetn that the joint at the base of the good toe
hemarthrosisblood in ~ a joint
polymyalgia rheumaticageriatric inflammatory disorder of the muscle & joints defined by pain and also stiffness in the neck, shoulders, top arms, hips and also thighs
synovitisinflammation of the synovial membrane that results in swelling & pains of the affected joint
dislocationtotal displacement that a bone native its joint
subluxationpartial displacement the a bone from its joint
arthritisinflammatory problem of one or an ext joint
osteoarthritismost commonly linked w/ aging
osteophytesbone spurs
spondylosisaka spinal osteoarthritis, degenerative disorder can cause the lose of typical spinal structure & function
gouty arthritisaka gout, form of arthritis defined by shop of uricacid in the joints
rheumatoid arthritisaka RA, chronic autoimmune disorder in i beg your pardon the joints & some organs of other body systems space attacked
ankylosing spondylitisform that rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation that the joints in between the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritisautoimmune disorder that affects kids ages 16 yrs or less
herniated diskaka slipped/ruptured disk break apart of an intervertebral decaying that results in pressure on spinal nerve roots
lumbagopain in the lumbar region
spondylolisthesisis the front slipping activity of the human body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it
spina bifidacongenital defect the occurs throughout early pregnancy once the spinal canal fails to close fully around the spinal cord to safeguard it
kyphosisan abnormal boost in the outward curvature that the thoracic spine as viewed from the side
lordosisabnormal boost in the front curvature the the lumbar spine
scoliosislateral curvature the the spine
craniostenosismalformation that the skull due to the premature birth closure the the cranial sutures
fibrous dysplasiabone disorder of unknown reason that destroys normal bone structure & replace instead instead it through fibrous tissue
ostealgiapain in the bone
osteitisinflammation that the bone
osteomalaciaaka adult rickets, abnormal softening of skeleton in adults
osteomyelitisinflammation that the bone marrow & nearby bone
osteonecrosisdeath that bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply
paget's diseasebone condition of unknown cause
periostitisinflammation of the periosteum
ricketsdeficiency condition occurring in children,results indigenous a vit D deficiency
short staturecondition resulting from the failure of the skeletal of the limbs to grow to an appropriate length contrasted to the dimension of the head & trunk
talipesaka clubfoot describes any kind of congenital deformity that the foot entailing the talus(ankle bones)
primary bone cancerrelatively rare malignant tumor that originates in a bone
secondary bone cancerdescribes tumors that have metastasized to bones from various other organs
myelomacancer the occurs in blood make cells discovered in red bone marrow
osteochondromaa benign bony forecast covered with cartilage
osteoporosismarked loss of bone density & an increase in bone porosity the if frequently connected with aging
osteopeniathinner then average bone density
compression fractureoccurs when the bone is pressed with each other on itself
colles fractureaka broken wrist
osteoporotic hip fractureaka damaged hip usually resulted in by weakening that the bones because of osteoporosis
fracturea broken bone
closed fracturebroken bone yet there is no open up wound
open fracturebroken bone and also an open up skin wound
comminuted fracturebone is splintered or crushed
greenstick fracturewhere the bone is bent & only partially broken, occurs mainly in children
pathologic fractureoccurs as soon as a weakened bone breaks under typical strain
spiral fracturefracture wherein the bone has been twisted apart
stress fracturewhich is an overuse injury is a small crack in a bone that often develops from chronic too much impact
transverse fractureoccurs straight throughout the bone
fat embolusform as soon as a long bone is broken & fat cell from yellow bone marrow are released right into the blood
crepitationgrating sound heard as soon as the ends of a damaged bone relocate together
callusforms as a bulging deposit roughly the area that the break
radiographaka x ray, offered to visualize bone fractures & various other abnormalities
arthroscopyvisual check of the internal structure that a joint
bone marrow biopsydiagnostic test that may be vital after abnormal species or numbers of red or white blood cells are found in a finish blood counting test
magnetic resonance imagingused to image soft tissue structures such together the inner of facility joints
bone density testingused to identify losses or transforms in bone density
ultrasonic bone thickness testingscreening test for osteoporosis or other conditions that reason a lose of bone mass
dual x beam absorptiometrylow exposure radiographic measure of the spine & hips to measure bone density
bone marrow transplantused to treat certain species of cancer
allogenic bone marrow transplantuses healthy bones marrow cells from a compatible donor
autologous bone marrow transplantpatient receives his very own bone marrow cells which have been harvested, cleansed,treated, and stored
orthoticmechanical appliance such together a leg brace the is specially designed come control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
prosthesissubstitute because that a hurt or missing body part
arthrodesissurgical combination of 2 bones to stiffen a joint
artholysissurgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
arthroscopic surgeryminimally invasive procedure for the therapy of the inner of a joint
chondroplastysurgical fix of damaged cartilage
synovectomysurgical removal of a synovial membrane indigenous a joint
viscosupplementationsinjections used to add preparation of hyaluronic mountain & connected compounds to a joint, easing friction
arthroplastysurgical repair of a damaged joint
percutaneous diskectomyperformed come treat a herniated intervertebral disk
percutaneous vertebroplastyperformed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
laminectomysurgical removed of a lamina or posterior part of a vertebra
spinal fusiontechnique come immobilize component of the spine through joining together two or more vertebraecraniectomy
craniectomysurgical remove of a part of the skull
craniotomysurgical scratch or opening right into the skull
cranioplastysurgical repair of the skull
osteoclasissurgical fracture that a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomysurgical removed of a bone
osteoplastysurgical fix of a bone or bones
osteorrhaphysurgical suturing or wiring with each other of bones
osteotomysurgical cutting of a bone
periosteotomyan incision through the periosteum to the bone
closed reductionattempted realignment the a bone associated in a fracture or share dislocation
immobilizationact the holding, suturing, or fastening the bone in a fixed place with strapping or a cast
tractiona pulling force exerted on a limb in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone or joint to normal alignment
external fixationfracture therapy where pins are placed through the soft organization & bone so that an exterior appliance have the right to be provided to organize the piece of bone firmly in place
internal fixationplate or pins are are placed directly into the bone to organize the broken pieces together
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