War broke out in Europe in the summer the 1914, with the main Powers led through Germany and Austria-Hungary ~ above one side and also the Allied countries led through Britain, France, and also Russia top top the other. In ~ the begin of the war, president Woodrow Wilson asserted that the United claims would be neutral. However, the neutrality was tested and fiercely questioned in the U.S.
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Submarine warfare in the Atlantic preserved tensions high, and Germany’s sinking the the British s liner Lusitania on might 7, 1915, killed an ext than 120 U.S. Citizens and also provoked angry in the U.S. In 1917, Germany’s strikes on American ships and its attempts come meddle in U.S.-Mexican relations drew the U.S. Right into the war on the side of the Allies. The joined States claimed war on Germany top top April 6, 1917.
Within a couple of months, countless U.S. Males were being drafted right into the military and sent to intensive training. Women, even many who had actually never worked outside the house before, took tasks in factories creating supplies essential for the war effort, and also serving in ambulance corps and also the American Red overcome at home and also abroad. Youngsters were enlisted to offer war bonds and also plant win gardens in support of the battle effort.
The United claims sent much more than a million troops to Europe, wherein they encountered a battle unlike any kind of other—one waged in trenches and also in the air, and one significant by the rise of such army technologies as the tank, the field telephone, and also poison gas. At the very same time, the battle shaped the culture of the U.S. ~ an Armistice agreement ended the fighting ~ above November 11, 1918, the postwar years saw a tide of civil civil liberties activism for equal legal rights for afri Americans, the i of an revised securing women’s right to vote, and a larger duty in civilization affairs for the unified States.
As you discover the major sources in this group, look at for evidence of the different roles U.S. Citizens played in the war effort, as well as the impacts of the battle on the human being of the united States.
To find extr sources, visit the Library that Congress World battle I page. You can likewise search the Library’s online collections using terms including World war I or Great War, or look at for certain subjects or names, such as Woodrow Wilson, doughboys, trench warfare, or “Over There.
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To analyze major sources like these, usage the Library’s Primary source Analysis Tool.