What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, among the four straightforward operations the arithmetic, offers the result of combining teams of same sizes.

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Here each group has 3 ice cream creams, and also there room two such groups. So, there space 2 time 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice creams in total. In various other words, multiplication is repetitive addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the indications cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or period ‘·’. When we multiply two numbers, the answer we acquire is called ‘product’. The variety of objects in each group is referred to as ‘multiplicand,’ and the variety of such equal groups is referred to as ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30


In the given image, 4 flowers have actually 8 petals each. To uncover the total number of petals, we have the right to multiply the variety of flowers by the variety of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. The is, there are 32 petals in all.


Multiplication using number line

Representing a multiplication explain on a number line deserve to be excellent by taking jumps the multiplier number of times, that size equivalent to the multiplicand from zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8


Properties of multiplication

Commutative Property: when we multiply 2 numbers, the bespeak doesn’t matter. For numbers a and also b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: because that numbers a, b, and c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: because that numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If we multiply a number through 1, the product continues to be the same number. 1 is the identity element under multiplication.If us multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.