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Head of Government:Prime Minister: Mario Draghi...(Show more)Capital:Rome...(Show more)Population:(2021 est.) 58,981,000...(Show more)Currency Exchange Rate:1 USD equals 0.865 euro...(Show more)Head that State:President: Sergio Mattarella...

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Italy, country of south-central Europe, occupying a peninsula that juts deep into the Mediterranean Sea. Italy comprises some of the most varied and scenic landscapes on Earth and also is often explained as a nation shaped prefer a boot. At its large top was standing the Alps, i m sorry are among the world’s most rugged mountains. Italy’s highest possible points space along Monte Rosa, i beg your pardon peaks in Switzerland, and also along Mont Blanc, i m sorry peaks in France. The west Alps skip a see of Alpine lakes and also glacier-carved valleys the stretch down to the Po River and also the Piedmont. Tuscany, come the southern of the cisalpine region, is possibly the country’s best-known region. Indigenous the central Alps, running under the length of the country, radiates the tall Apennine Range, i m sorry widens close to Rome come cover almost the whole width the the Italian peninsula. Southern of Rome the Apennines narrow and are flanked by two wide seaside plains, one facing the Tyrrhenian Sea and the other the Adriatic Sea. Lot of the lower Apennine chain is near-wilderness, hosting a wide range of species rarely seen in other places in west Europe, such as wild boars, wolves, asps, and also bears. The southern Apennines are also tectonically unstable, through several active volcanoes, consisting of Vesuvius, which indigenous time to time belches ash and steam into the air above Naples and its island-strewn bay. In ~ the bottom that the country, in the Mediterranean Sea, lie the archipelago of Sicily and also Sardinia.