Table of Contents

What mortar to use for shower pan1. Quikrete Floor Mud2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 3. Sakrete Sand Mix4. DIY shower head Pan Mortar BedShower pan mortar consistencyShower pan mixes: comparisonShower pan materialAcrylic TileFiberglassComposite materialsHow to install a mortared shower head pan1. Structure the shower head stall2. Cloak the reduced side that the drain with silicone3. Coat the drain with cement and PVC primer4. Cut and also fit the steel lath and felt come the floor5. Mix and also apply dried deck mud6. Measure and also apply the waterproof membrane7. Mark and also cut out the bolts about the drain8. Cut the membrane and install the upper drainpipe plate9. Check and fix leaks10. Install a strainer top top the drain11. Include a waterproof membrane12. Cut and install the backerboard13. Apply mortar and a metal lath14. Put the floor tiles


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Your bathroom’s floor has actually a shower head pan i m sorry is waterproof and collects water then directs it to the drain. The shower head pan needs to be set up correctly to support the weight of the users and keep the basic layers from damages by the water. The right mortar mix for the shower pan determines how good the pan will be. If you do a mistake with this one, you risk ruining the entirety shower floor. The ideal mortar because that shower pans is a mixture that sand and also Portland cement as it create a water-resistant obstacle that have the right to support the weight of the shower head unit and also the users. Girlfriend can develop your very own with Portland cement and also fine sand (1:5) and also 4 quarts water because that 80 lb. The the mixture.
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What mortar to use for shower head pan

Mortar is wanted for shower head pans end other alternatives such as concrete and cement offered that the bonds better to other surfaces and also is more moldable. The finest mortar mix because that shower pans consists of sand and also Portland cement. This will develop a water-resistant barrier which will assistance the weight of the shower head floor and its users. Types that Mortar Ingredients  Quikrete Floor Mud Portland cement, graded sand, other components Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix Portland cement, commercial grade sand, various other ingredients Sakrete Sand Mix Portland cement, concrete sand DIY shower Pan Mortar Bed Portland cement, well sand 
There are three main varieties of mortar because that shower pans together follows:

1. Quikrete Floor Mud

The Quikrete Floor dirt is a concrete mix made by QUIKRETE which is prepared for use in producing shower pans, slate, travertine and also marble floor tiles. When combined with water, it create a smooth and also water-resistant surface ar which is right for shower pans. You don’t need to calculate any type of of the ingredients with the Quikrete mortar mix for shower pans since they have actually been calculated for you. Simply pour the mix into a container than include water (4 quarts because that each 80 lb. Bag) before applying it come the shower floor. The benefits of utilizing Quikrete Floor Mud include the reality that you can use the both indoors and also outdoors, friend don’t should calculate the parts, the provides a solid result (5000 psi compressive strength once fully cured), and is easy to kind the wanted shape of the floor. The just downside is that it’s not quickly available.How long should dirt bed cure prior to tiling?A mud bed requirements to cure for at the very least 28 days prior to tiling. This ensures the it’s waterproof and also has the required compressive stamin to retain its shape and integrity once in use. How many bags the mortar for shower pan?It depends top top the dimension of the shower floor. As long as the floor has in between 2 and 3 customs of thickness in ~ the thickest places and at least 2 inches of thickness at the thinnest, it will be enough. 

2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 

This sand topping mix for shower pans, also by Quikrete, is do from a mix of Portland cement, commercial grade sands and also other components. Unlike Quikrete Floor dirt whose ingredients room consistent, the quantity of water essential for the Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix counts on the components used to kind it. The manufacturer will constantly indicate the on the bags. 

3. Sakrete Sand Mix

Sakrete Sand Mix is do of Portland cement and concrete sand and is a popular alternative to the above options native Quikrete. As well as the shower head pan, it deserve to be supplied for walks, steps and leveling floors both indoors and also outdoors. 

4. DIY shower head Pan Mortar Bed

You can make your own shower pan concrete mix making use of sand, cement and water. Mix 1 component of Portland cement through 5 parts of good sand. For each 80 lbs. Of this mix, add 4 quarts the water. Your very own shower basic mortar can seem prefer a cheaper option yet it’s typically not as good as the commercial alternatives. Both Quikrete Floor Mud and Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix don’t expense much yet they’re simpler to work with and also provide far better results 보다 DIY options. 

Shower pan mortar consistency

All the shower floor mortar mixes over need to have actually the exact same consistency to obtain the best results. When mixed, you must be may be to kind a sphere with the mix in your palm. The ball should host its shape yet release part water once squeezed. If the sphere collapses top top its own, it’s too wet and also you need to add an ext of the dry mix. If it retains its shape yet doesn’t relax water as soon as squeezed or crumbles apart, it’s also dry and also needs much more water to be added. 

Shower pan mixes: comparison

Quikrete Floor MudQuikrete Sand/Topping MixAffordable Slightly costlierA bit difficult to findEasily availableAvailable in 80 lb. BagsAvailable in bags the 10, 40, 60 and also 80 poundsEasy to useEasy come use

Shower pan material

Once girlfriend lay the mortar bed for your shower, the shower pan you install on top can be make from the adhering to materials:

Acrylic 

An acrylic shower pan is make from modification plastic under pressure and heat to form a single piece that’s big enough come fit your bathroom floor. 

Tile

While tile is highly attractive, it also requires a lot of skill and also care to ensure it offers a waterproof seal because that the rest of the floor. It likewise requires maintenance on a continual basis to keep its integrity. When installing tiles together the shower pan, certain the mortar bed is at least 2 inches thick on the outer edges the the floor and also it reduces in the direction of the shower drain to enable water to flow to the drain. 

Fiberglass

Fiberglass shower pans are created from polymer reins which have actually been strengthened through woven glass fibers. Back cheaper than the alternatives, they’re more likely to get scratches and stains. 

Composite materials

A mix of various materials have the right to be used to create a shower pan whose qualities will count on the products used. For example, acrylic can be strengthened v fiberglass to make a better shower pan than the separation, personal, instance materials.For the preformed shower pans such as those make from fiberglass, acrylic and also composite materials, the manufacturer requirements to provide the thickness required for the pan to perform correctly. 

How to download a mortared shower pan

For this exercise, you require premixed mortar, drill, paddle, drill screw attachments, hardwood screws, bucket, pipe wrench, level, silicone, waterproof membrane, knife, waterproofing membrane and metal lath. Make certain the plumbing is currently carried out and the shower has actually a shower head drain and a drainpipe trap prior to installing the shower head pan. Your shower needs a P-trap come keep sewer gases out of the house.Install the mortared shower head pan as follows:

1. Frame the shower head stall

Choose one area for the new shower stall making sure the drain has been reduced out. If the subfloor is shaky, replace it with a ¾-inch item of exterior plywood. Usage pressure-treated timber planks to develop the bottom plates because that the shower head stall. The studs for the walls must be focused on the bottom plates at intervals of 16 inches. Use 3-inch decking screws to fasten the bottom plates come the floor. Assistance the sides of the membrane v 2×10 toenail blocking between the studs. Use 3 pressure-treated planks of wood at 2×4 inch to type the curb that the bathroom. You have the right to skip this action if you are reinstalling the shower pan in one old bathroom constructing a brand-new shower pan in a bathroom. 

2. Coat the lower side the the drainpipe with silicone

Use silicone beads to coat the inside and outside that the bolt one of the drain in the floor. 

3. Coat the drainpipe with cement and PVC primer

Coat the within of the drain with cement and also a PVC primer climate twist the drainpipe onto the waste heat in the floor. After ~ the cement has dried up, insert the drainpipe bolts into the lower drainpipe plate. Leave around ¾ inches of the drain bolts exposed. 

4. Cut and fit the steel lath and felt come the floor

Measure the dimension of the shower floor then cut a 15-pound item of felt to fit this size. Ar it ~ above the floor then clip it in place. Utilizing the very same measurements, reduced a metal lath then likewise stapple the on the floor. Make sure there are no bump on the lath and also felt. The metal lath provides a foothold because that the mortar mix. Next, cut a circular hole about the drain hole. The hole have to be at the very least an inch broader than the size of the hole to enable for the following steps. 

5. Mix and apply dried deck mud

Follow the instructions on the mortar mix come mix enough for the entirety bathroom floor. Usage a latex additive to mix the dry deck mud instead of water. Plug the drainpipe hole v a item of towel then pour the mix top top the floor. Evenly spread it out through a lumber float then permit it to dry overnight. 

6. Measure and apply the waterproof membrane

Measure the waterproof membrane such that it’s 9 inches bigger than the floor ~ above the sides and 16 inches larger on the curb of the bathroom floor. You deserve to make bigger pieces that the waterproof membrane through solvent-welding pieces together. The area approximately the drainpipe should it is in reinforced through solvent-welding an additional piece the the membrane top top the original one (about 10 inch in diameter).Lay the membrane onto come the floor, smooth out any type of air bubbles in it then staple in ~ above the floor come secure it. Do the very same for the excess components of the membrane i beg your pardon will rise up ~ above the wall surface and curb. Solvent-weld the piece then staple them come the wall and curb. 

7. Mark and also cut out the bolts about the drain

Feel the floor over the membrane then note with an X over each bolt about the drainpipe hole. Usage a spicy knife to reduced an X over the bolts to disclose them. Unscrew the bolts in readiness for installing the upper drainpipe plate. 

8. Cut the membrane and also install the upper drain plate

Feel the area in between the bolts then cut out the drain hole exactly about the hole and no larger. Place the upper drain plate right into the feet making sure it aligns with the screw holes about it. Screw the bolts to secure the drainpipe plate end the drain hole. 

9. Check and fix leaks

Plug the drainpipe hole then to fill the shower pan through water 3 inches deep then wait for 24 hours. If the water level is the same, her pan is watertight. If not, that would have leaked either with a loose drain hole, punctures in the membrane, or the sides. Tighten the drain hole bolts then fix any kind of punctures using a spot of the membrane and glue. Because that the political parties of the shower head floor, solvent-weld the membrane to the wall surface then wait because that the solvent to dried up. Test for leaks again. 

10. Download a strainer top top the drain

Wrap Teflon ice cream (plumber’s tape) about the subject of the strainer than screw it into the drainpipe hole’s flange. Covering it with masking ice to protect it from thinset and mortar in the following steps. 

11. Include a waterproof membrane

Apply a waterproof membrane ~ above the wall surface of the toilet such the it covers at the very least 3 inch of the membrane from the floor and parts that the wall. If the bathroom will be made of wood walls, make certain the entirety of the wall is covered in this waterproof membrane. Because that bathrooms through glass or concrete walls, a little layer of the waterproof membrane is enough. 

12. Cut and also install the backerboard

Cut backerboard come the size of the walls then place it ~ above shims ½ inch in dimension then fasten the screws come the walls with backerboard screws. The screws have to remain in ~ the optimal inch of the flooring membrane to alleviate punctures which may result in leaks. Once the backerboard is screwed into place, remove the shims then fill the areas at the bottom through caulk and also thinset. 

13. Use mortar and a steel lath

Mark on the walls through a pencil 3 inches indigenous the floor. Measure the distance from the walls to the drainpipe hole then calculation the steep to ¼ inches for every horizontal foot (1ft). Apply a layer of mortar complied with by a steel lath and another great of mortar while keeping the slope towards the drain. 

14. Lay the floor tiles

After the mortar is dry (overnight), scrape off any kind of bumps and also imperfections ~ above the floor then evenly spread a layer of thinset top top it. Push the tiles into the thinset in line through the steep of the bathroom. Smaller tiles are better at conforming come the slope of the restroom than larger ones. Let the tiles healing overnight then apply grout in-between the tiles and also around the edges wherein the tiles accomplish the walls.