Also known By: Kladrubský (Czech), Kladruber (German)

Kladruby stud was uncovered in 1579 by the Emperor of Rome and the Czech King Rudolf II. The foundation charter is on screen at the Slatinany Hippologic Museum.

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The stud was based mostly on imported Spanish and also Italian horses, crossed v Neapolitane, Danish, Holstein, Irish, heavier Czech and also Oldenburg horses. Every one of breeds used had some Andalusian breeding in your pedigree.

The Kladruby stud was situated at the Perlstein stables wherein horses had been bred through Maxmilian II for the vault 20 years.

The emphasis of the Kladruby stud´s breeding program was to produce heavy carriage equines for ceremonial four and also six-in-hand tractions. Lipiza breeding farm was uncovered a year later in 1580 and it had a various target - to create riding horses mainly for imperial ceremonies and also cavalry. The White Kladrubers were supplied for earthly and the black color ones for clerical ceremonials. The imperial ceremonial rules compelled 18 black color stallions and 18 white ones till the end of people War I.

The pinacle that the Kladruby stud came in the start of 18th century v the power of an impassioned hippologist Karel VI. Huge numbers the paintings and prints that Kladruby steeds originate from the moment of Karel VI. Reign.

The well known horse-painter Wouwermann and the Hamilton family produced a vast number of paintings capturing various Kladruby equine types. They created hippologically and artistically an important works, which space presently on see at the Slatinany Hippologic Museum.

The Kladruby stud to be evacuated right into Kopcany (Slovakia) and also Enyed (Hungary) during the "Seven years War". In 1757 the stud farm burned. Breeding documents were damaged the time and also Marie Terezie liquidated the farm. The Kladruby stud in Enyed and Kopcany didn´t prosper and also was transfered earlier into the new farm in Kladruby number of years later.

Breed Types


Kladruber (formerly explained as Equus Bohemicus) is a large, warm blooded horse of Spanish and also Italian origin which has actually acclimated come the impending climate of main Europe. That is a hefty majestic carossier with a concave head profile, a swanlike neck and a high gait. The Kladruber is bred in two develops - black (at Slatinany) and also White (at Kladruby). The population is extremely inbred i beg your pardon is why it is highly vulnerable.

The withers elevation of Kladruber varies typically from 175 come 180cm, chest girt is roughly 250cm, metacarpus girt is just around 22-23cm, weight frequently exceeds 700kg.

Kladruby stallion Generale (born in 1787 in Kopcany) is thought about to it is in a progenitor that presently living population of White Kladrubers. Generale´s boy Generalissimus (born 1797 indigenous Bellona) came to be a founder that a separate lineage.

Maestoso (1773) and Favory (1779), two stallions born in Kladruby, ended up being progenitors of renowned Lippizaner lineages. Arabian Shagya X and also Orlov Trotters Barzoi and also Legion were offered for blood freshening in between WWI and WWII. Favory blood lineage returned come Kladruby ~ the WWII, as soon as the Kladruber population was reduced. Rudolfo, Lusitano imported from Portugal after ~ the WWII, also has several daughters which are submitted right into the Kladruber studbook.

Black Kladruber had two important lineages: Sacramoso (born in 1799) and also Napoleone (1845). The stud to be regenerated in Slatinany. There space some differencies in the black and the white type. The White Kladruber is an ext thoroughbred type, has greater level of asian blood and also a gentler cranium. Black color Kladruber has actually slightly an ext nordic - occidental blood and much an ext Neapolitan blood. That is why the Blacks have actually a slightly different head and also neck shape and a shorter croup. Sacramoso lineage lugged to the Blacks the typical cranium shape, much more concave in the splanchnocranium and nearly aircraft in the forehead. In general, the black color Kladruber is heavier and also smaller than the white.



The black pets were used mainly as carriage horses for clerical dignitaries. In 1930, the black herd was spread with most of the animals going come meat processors. A plan was later on developed, using the staying black mares, to re-establish the black color line. The study Institute because that Horse reproduction in Slatinany was where this arrangement was lugged out successfully.

The Kladruby is right now used for sport driving. Both lines have been used countless times in world championship four-in-hand driving classes.

Due to its breeding, the Kladruby is considered somewhat distinct in the horse world. The breed has actually a four hundred year old selection background and is considered the only aboriginal breed of the region. It is among the rarer each other in the people with just 90 remaining females in 1995.

Reference:Hendricks, Bonnie L., global Encyclopedia of equine Breeds, Univ of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

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Mason, I.L. 1996. A people Dictionary of breed boy Breeds, varieties and Varieties. 4th Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.