Water can take numerous forms. At low temperatures (below (0^ exto extC)), it is a solid. Once at "normal" temperature (between (0^ exto extC) and also (100^ exto extC)), that is a liquid. While in ~ temperatures above (100^ exto extC), water is a gas (steam). The state thatwater is in counts upon the temperature. Each state has its very own unique collection of physics properties. Matter commonly exists in one of three states: solid, liquid, or gas.

You are watching: Which state of matter takes both the shape and volume of its container


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Plasma: A fourth State the Matter

Technically speaking, a 4th state the matter dubbed plasma exists, but it does not naturally occur on earth, so we will omit it from our examine here.

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Liquids

If the corpuscle of a substance have enough power to partially overcome intermolecular interactions, then the particles deserve to move about each various other while continuing to be in contact. This describes the liquid state. In a liquid, the particles space still in nearby contact, therefore liquids have actually a identify volume. However, because the particles deserve to move around each various other rather freely, a liquid has actually no identify shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

Liquids have actually the adhering to characteristics:

No definite form (takes the shape of that container). Has actually definite volume. Corpuscle are free to relocate over every other, but are still attractive to every other.

A acquainted liquid is mercury metal. Mercury is one anomaly. It is the only steel we understand of that is fluid at room temperature. Mercury likewise has an ability to rod to chin (surface tension)—a property that every liquids exhibit. Mercury has a relatively high surface tension, which renders it an extremely unique. Here you view mercury in its typical liquid form.



Example (PageIndex1)

What state or states of issue does each statement, describe?

This state has a identify volume, yet no identify shape. This state has no identify volume. This state allows the individual corpuscle to move around while continuing to be in contact.

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Solution

This statement defines the liquid state. This statement defines the gas state. This statement explains the liquid state.

Exercise (PageIndex1)