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Along v the angry President, the President"s room members room his most vital advisors. This photo shows chairman Reagan, Vice chairman Bush, and also Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

You are watching: Who is the chief administrator of the federal bureaucracy?


Even the experts can"t agree top top the total number of federal government agencies, commissions, and departments.

Most approximates suggest there are probably an ext than 2,000 that these. Lock each have an area of field of expertise — some much wider than others — but their duties often overlap, make administration more difficult. To complicate things even more, numerous agencies have actually counterparts at the state and local level. That is size, complexity, and also overlapping responsibilities leave the federal administration open to continuous attempts come reorganize and streamline.

Congress has actually the power to create, organize, and also disband all commonwealth agencies. Most of them room under the regulate of the President, although couple of of them actually have direct call with the White House. So, the bureaucracy has 2 masters — Congress and the President. The administration generally falls into four wide types: cabinet departments, federal government corporations, live independence agencies, and regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
room of State Treasury room Department the Defense room of Justice room of the interior Department of farming Department of commerce Department of job Department of transportation Department of Housing and also Urban advance Department of Health and Human solutions Department of power Department of education and learning Department the Veterans AffairsDepartment of homeland Security

The cabinet Departments

The 15 room departments space each headed by a Secretary that sits top top the President"s Cabinet. The exemption is the righteousness Department, which is top by the attorney General, that is also a member that the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries are responsible because that directing the department"s policy and for overseeing the operation. Cabinet secretaries are usually torn in between their obligations as presidential advisers and also heads of your departments.


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As the very first woman room member, Frances Perkins offered for 12 years, help draft law such as the Social security Act and the an initial federal minimum wage laws.

Each has actually a special area that policy, although their duties are still very broad. The organization of every is fairly complex, however they have actually some points in common. All Secretaries have a Deputy or Undersecretary, as well as a hold of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct major programs within the department.

Most departments are divided into bureaus, divisions, and also sections. For example, the FBI lies within the domain that the righteousness Department, and also the an enig Service is right now within the Treasury Departmeny agency, but soon to be relocated under the auspices of the department of Homeland protection .

Government Corporations

Government corporations perform not belong to any department — they was standing on your own. Most likely the best-known government corporations are the United says Postal Service and also Amtrak. Castle are different from other agencies in that they room businesses produced by Congress, and also they charge fees for your services. Like any type of other business, government corporations have private compete — together as federal Express and United Parcel organization — and also sometimes state competition — such as the brand-new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the moment of that is creation, NASA to be assumed by plenty of to be a defense-related agency. Today, it brings nations together in highly publicized initiatives like the International an are Station displayed here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies very closely resemble cabinet departments, but they are smaller and also less complex. Generally, they have narrower areas of obligation than do Cabinet departments. Many of these agencies room not free from presidential control and are independent just in the feeling that they are not component of a department.

Congress create them as different agencies for plenty of reasons, practical as well as symbolic. Because that example, once the national Aeronautics and an are Administration (NASA) was established, countless members of congress assumed that it would certainly be a component of the room of Defense. However, the is an independent firm because the room program has numerous other functions than the defense of the nation.


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The ATF (now the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives) was transferred from the room of the Treasury to the room of righteousness in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate essential parts that the economy, making rules for large industries and also businesses that influence the interests of the public. Due to the fact that regulatory commissions space "watchdogs" the by their an extremely nature need to operate independently, they room not part of a department, and also the president does no directly regulate most the them. Each commission has actually from 5 come 11 members appointed by the President, yet the president cannot remove them for the length of their terms in office.

Examples of these commissions room the Securities and Exchange Commission, which regulates the stock market, brokers, and also investment practices. One more well-known commission is the federal Reserve Board the governs the nation"s financial policy. The environmental Protection agency serves together a guardian end the nation"s environment, making and enforcing requirements for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With end 2,000 different agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost certain to run into troubles with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and also efficiency. Practically every current President has actually come right into office identified to refashion and also trim the bureaucracy. However, none has actually been able to make more than minor adjustments. Well-established agencies have actually lives of their own, and are complicated to change. Besides, the nation has large, complex, requirements requiring distinct attention. A big bureaucracy is a part of the government"s effort to satisfy those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The nationwide Aeronautics and space Administration, follow to the website, is an investment in America"s future. Check out this significant website, indigenous its pages on space flight to ladies in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for much more neat stuff 보다 you might visit in one day. Don"t miss out ~ above the speed movie the NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which deserve to be viewed on home windows Media Player.

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The federal Deposit insurance Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You get your money earlier — if your financial institution is insured by the commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation. Since 1933, the FDIC has actually been keeping America"s confidence in that financial organizations alive. Take it a look in ~ the organization and browse its official website here.

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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson renders the meltdown that a atom reactor in a power plant seem funny, but in fact it have the right to cause global devastation. The atom Regulatory commission is responsible because that making certain that strength plants are safe from the moment they are developed to the moment that they are shut down. Take a look at what they carry out at their main website.

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The Securities and Exchange Commission
The stock market crash that 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the resides of numerous Americans. What did the federal government do to make certain that something prefer that never happens again? They established the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which oversees investment methods of American businesses. If you have an attention in the stock market, it"s worth your time come wade v this official website.

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Federal profession Commission
You"ve seen the board video game Monopoly, but did you understand that real monopolies space usually illegal? The Federal profession Commission makes sure that service providers follow the law, use fair service practices, and also don"t cheat the consumer. They additionally protect consumer by investigate complaints and educating us around what come look the end for. The FTC"s main website provides for an exciting read for anyone who could do company in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you getting your money"s worth? inspect here prior to you make a acquisition to discover out exactly how you could be hoodwinked if girlfriend aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Department of Defense
With the Army, air Force, marine Corps, and the marine under the auspices, the department of Defense is the part of the federal government assigned to keeping national security. Its official website has actually pages on such dangers to the U.S. As weapons of fixed destruction and anthrax, and also online memorials come fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and much more.
Joint Chiefs that Staff
The head honchos of each military branch make up the joint Chiefs of Staff, that advise the chairman on armed forces matters. Uncover out around the composition and also philosophy that the organization here.
The United says Department the Justice
Attorney general Janet Reno and her office space responsible for finding and prosecuting commonwealth criminals. The main Department of justice website is complete of amazing information, consisting of the FBI"s most wanted list and also pages on warm topics from institution violence to the fatality penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% of the national budget goes to international affairs, the State department does few of the many publicized government-related job-related in the country. The same agency that represents the U.S. In the United countries is responsible for negotiating profession agreements and additionally issuing passports and visas. Take a watch at some of the State Department"s recent jobs at their main website.

See more: What Does This Orange Square Non-Lateral Marker Indicate? ? Study Guide

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United claims Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury room monitors the government"s bank accounts, prints money, and also investigates taxes evasion, among many other duties. Uncover out the answers to all your questions around one that the oldest offices in the U.S. Federal government at their official website.

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