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Welcome come my web site, now under breakthrough for an ext than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an east Washington university professor the English and also Shakespearean scholar for much more than 50 years.
Romeo and Juliet Navigator:Detailed an introduction of act 2, step 2Page Index:Enter Romeo: In Capulet"s garden Romeo sees Juliet concerned her home window and is entranced by her beauty. She speak the night the she loves Romeo and also wishes he had another name. Romeo surprises her by providing to take one more name for she love. Juliet issues for Romeo"s safety and worries the Romeo might be a deceiver, yet they pledge your love to one another, and then Juliet is referred to as away through the Nurse.Nurse phone call within:Answering the contact of the Nurse, Juliet goes right into the house, climate comes right ago out and also tells Romeo that the following day she will certainly send a messenger to find out when and also where she is to meet and marry him. Juliet is again called ago into the house, and also Romeo starts come leave, yet Juliet again comes earlier out, to set a time that her messenger have to go to Romeo. Romeo tells her the the messenger should come at nine in the morning. They say a long goodbye, and also after Juliet is gone, Romeo states he will go come the cabinet of Friar Lawrence to get his help.Enter Romeo:Romeo doesn"t really enter at the beginning of this step -- he"s to be there every along, on the other side of Capulet"s garden wall. However, over there is no yes, really wall, and the earliest messages of the play provide no phase directions to suggest what Romeo does, so later on editors have included them, follow to exactly how they have actually imagined the scene. In the vault scene, most editors write "Romeo retires" or "Romeo withdraws" after he declares the he must return to Juliet. Similarly, many editors put "Romeo advances" or "Romeo come forward" at the start of this scene. The basic idea of these phase directions is that Romeo was standing or sit in some inconspicuous place while Mercutio it is provided his mockeries the Romeo"s love-longing because that Rosaline. It might be a lot an ext interesting if Romeo inserted himself whereby the audience can see his reactions to Mercutio"s mockeries. Go he laugh or chuckle? Or walk he take it himself also seriously for anything of that sort?In any case, it"s obvious that Romeo has been listening come Mercutio, since his very first words are about Mercutio: "He jests at scars that never felt a wound" (2.2.1). Romeo"s suggest is the Mercutio can make jokes about the pain of love only since he has never felt any kind of such pain. Also, Mercutio"s last remarks collection up the situation in this scene. Mercutio has actually said the Romeo will sit under a medlar tree and wish that Rosaline would certainly drop right into his lap favor the over-ripe fruit that the medlar, and he"s half-right. Romeo is in an orchard, most likely under a tree, hoping to capture sight the his love. Only now his love is Juliet, not the super-sexy Rosaline that Mercutio"s mockeries, and also Juliet doesn"t drop, she arises. Romeo looks up in ~ Capulet"s house, look at Juliet involved the window, and also says, "But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? / the is the east, and also Juliet is the sun" (2.2.2-3).The remainder of Romeo"s decided is one ecstatic expression of Juliet"s bright beauty, and of the longing that arouses in him. Proceeding his to compare of Juliet and also the sun, Romeo says, "Arise, fair sun, and also kill the envious moon, / that is already sick and pale v grief, / that thou her maid art far more fair 보다 she" (2.2.4-6). Juliet is a "maid" that the moon because the moon-goddess Diana is the patroness of chastity, and also Juliet is a chaste maid. However Romeo watch in she the promise of bright warm love, far more beautiful 보다 the pale, chaste irradiate of the moon. That goes ~ above to urge Juliet (who can"t hear anything the says) to stop being a maid come the moon, because "Her vestal livery is yet sick and green / and none but fools carry out wear it; cast it off" (2.2.8-9). A "livery" is a uniform worn by the servants the a nobleman, "vestal" way "chaste," and also "green-sickness" is one anemia the was claimed to happen in unmarried girls, since they were unmarried. Romeo desires Juliet together a woman, not as distant object of adoration, as Rosaline to be for him.Perhaps, in ~ this moment, Juliet leans out of the home window or Romeo steps out native under an imaginary tree, so that he it s okay a clearer check out of her. This might explain his sudden adjust of tone. That drops his poetic metaphors and also says simply, "It is mine lady, O, it is my love! / O, that she knew she were!" (2.2.10-11). He climate sees that she is saying something, yet can"t hear what it is, and also says come himself, "what the that? / her eye discourses; I will certainly answer it" (2.2.12-13). It appears that the is about to step right into her view, however holds himself earlier at the last second, saying, "I am too bold, "tis not to me she speak / two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, / having some business, carry out entreat her eyes / to twinkle in your spheres till lock return" (2.2.14-17). This is a beautiful way of saying that Juliet"s eyes are like stars. He had thought the her eyes spoke, and also he is currently saying that they space speaking come the stars, and that the stars are speaking to them. According to the astronomy of the time, every of the planets and all of the stars were embedded in transparent spheres i beg your pardon revolved roughly the earth. It appears to Romeo that two of the brightest stars have chose that they must leave their spheres because that a while, and that they room asking her eyes come twinkle in their locations while they are gone.Still comparing Juliet"s eyes to stars, Romeo asks self what would occur if the 2 stars traded locations with Juliet"s eyes. He decides the the brightness of she cheek would certainly outshine the stars, and that "her eyes in sky / Would through the airy region stream for this reason bright / that birds would sing and think it were no night" (2.2.20-22). Then Juliet leans she cheek on her hand, and Romeo merely wishes the he were a glove on her hand, so the he, too, could touch her cheek.Pensively, Juliet sighs, "Ay me!" (2.2.20-25). Come Romeo, these simple words space divine. That says, She speaks!O, speak again, shining angel! because that thou artAs glorious to this night, gift o"er mine headAs is a winged messenger that heavenUnto the white-upturned wonder eyesOf mortals that fall back to gaze on himWhen he bestrides the lazy puffing cloudsAnd sails top top the bosom the the air.(2.2.25-32)Comparing a beautiful woman to an point of view was, and also still is, a common thing, however Romeo -- who at this moment is whispering to self -- yes, really believes that Juliet is angelic. An angel is "glorious come the night" because it shows up in a "glory," a gloriole surrounding and also emanating from its body. When the angel appears, human being "fall back," arching their backs, transforming their deals with to the sky, and also casting their eyes increase so that the white skin - man of their eyes show. The angel moves v effortless ease, lighter than the clouds, more graceful 보다 a ship cruising on the ede bosom of the ocean. And Romeo speak of all this as though he has actually actually viewed an angel and is currently gazing upon another one.Now we hear Juliet"s well known words, "O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore arts thou Romeo?" (2.2.33). Of food she"s not actually speak to Romeo (she has actually no idea that he is there), but she is so lot in love v him that she"s questioning why he need to be "Romeo," a Montague. She asks him come "Deny her father and also refuse thy name"(2.2.34), so the he will no longer be a Montague, or -- if the won"t perform that -- if the will simply swear he loves her, she will give up the name of "Capulet." hear this, Romeo asks self if he have to speak now, or listen part more. Before he have the right to quite make up his mind, Juliet says more about his name. It is only his name the is her enemy, she states to she imagined Romeo, and if the would change his name, "Thou arts thyself, though no a Montague" (2.2.39). In other words, if he changed his name, he would certainly still it is in himself. And "Montague" isn"t a hand, foot, arm, or face. There"s in reality nothing in a name, she says, since "That which we contact a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet" 2.2.43-44), and "So Romeo would, to be he no Romeo call"d, / Retain that dear perfection i m sorry he owes / Without the title " (2.2.45-47). When again, she asks Romeo (still without knowing that he"s there) to provide up his name, " and for the name which is no part of thee / Take every myself" (2.2.48-49).Hearing this, Romeo speaks so Juliet can hear him and says, "I take it thee in ~ thy word. / speak to me yet love, and also I"ll be brand-new baptized; / Henceforth I never ever will it is in Romeo" (2.2.49-51). Thus begins a conversation so much at cross-purposes the it verges ~ above the comical. Juliet is all realism; Romeo is all love. She hasn"t checked out Romeo, only heard him, and asks, "What male art you that for this reason bescreen"d in night / so stumblest on my counsel ?" (2.2.52-53). Addressing her as "saint," that answers the he doesn"t recognize what to speak to himself, and that he no his name due to the fact that it is her enemy. (Calling her a "saint," however, need to be a heavy hint, due to the fact that that"s what he dubbed her at Capulet"s feast.) he declares the if he had the name written on a piece of paper, he would certainly tear the paper into bits.She recognizes his voice and also asks if the isn"t Romeo, a Montague. The replies the if either name is offensive to her, that isn"t. She asks just how he came into the orchard, and also why, and she seems amazed the he would come in ~ all, because the orchard wall surfaces are difficult to climb and since he will certainly die if any of her kinsmen find him there. The replies that "With love"s light wings did ns o"er-perch these walls" (2.2.66) , and boasts, "what love deserve to do, the dares love attempt; / as such thy kinsmen are no avoid to me" (2.2.68-69). He doesn"t median that her kinsmen can"t injury him, yet that love will do anything because that love -- even die -- and also he is love. Together though she doesn"t also hear Romeo"s talk of love, Juliet repeats that if her kinsmen see him, they"ll killing him. He answers, "Alack, over there lies much more peril in thine eye / than twenty of your swords! look at thou but sweet, / and I to be proof versus their enmity" (2.2.71-73) . He method what was often said in the love poetry of the time, the an unfriendly glance native the eye that a lady might kill the man who was in love through her. Top top the various other hand, a sweet look from Juliet is all he requirements to defend him from she kinsmen. Yet she can"t avoid worrying, and also says, "I would not for the people they experienced thee here" (2.2.74). He points the end (in his one handy statement) the he is hidden by the night, and then claims that if she loves him, it"s ok if her kinsmen discover him, due to the fact that his "life were better ended by your hate, / Than fatality prorogued , wanting the her love" (2.2.77-78). In other words, he"d much rather have her love and also die ~ above the spot, 보다 not have her love and die later.Juliet then asks one more practical question: "By whose direction found"st thou out this place?" (2.2.79). Because that this he has another passionate answer: "By love, who first did note me come inquire; / the lent me counsel and also I lent him eyes" (2.2.81). In level language, it was love that made him ask himself where Juliet can be and who called him the he should discover her; in return for love"s good advice, Romeo offered love (who is blind) eye to discover her. Romeo goes on to say the he"s no a ship"s pilot, but that if Juliet were as much away "As that substantial shore wash"d with the the furthest sea, / I would certainly adventure because that such merchandise" (2.2.83-84). The verb "adventure" doesn"t median "have fun"; it means "take a huge chance." and "merchandise," together Romeo supplies it, method not "saleable goods," yet "rich treasure." after hearing Romeo say over and also over that he loves her, Juliet -- who has actually ardently wished because that his love -- quiet can"t quite think that she wish has suddenly come true. She tells him the if that weren"t night that would be able to see she is blushing indigenous embarrassment. Climate she says, "Fain would I dwell ~ above form, fain, fain refuse / What I have spoke, but farewell compliment! / Dost she love me?" (2.2.88-90). Come "dwell top top form" is to spend much time on the usual formalities, what she calls "compliment." In the instance of a woman that is gift wooed, those formalities give her a possibility to decision whether she likes the man and whether the is sincere. Juliet really much wishes that she can have such a chance, but since it"s as well late because that "form" and "compliment," she states what is in her heart, "Dost she love me?"As soon as Juliet asks the concern she realizes that she already knows what the answer will be, and that problems her, too. Without providing Romeo a possibility to answer, she says, "I recognize thou it must be say "Ay," / and I will take her word; yet if thou swear"st, / thou mayst prove false; at lovers" perjuries / they say, Jove laughs" (2.2.91-93). "Jove laughs" in ~ the lies of lovers since people lie because that love every the time; it"s simply something we need to learn come expect and accept. So if Romeo swears the he loves her, he might be committing perjury. Thus Juliet knows Romeo will certainly say "Ay" if he"s simply messing with her, and she to know he will say "Ay" if he yes, really does love her, and she knows she will believe him, no matter what.Caught between her desire because that Romeo"s love and her fear that he might be lying, Juliet pleads v him to be truthful, saying, "O gentle Romeo, / If she dost love, pronounce it faithfully" (2.2.93-94), but again she doesn"t give him a possibility to say what she wants to hear. She"s afraid the he will think she"s easy and offers to "frown and also be perverse, and say thee nay, / so thou wilt woo; but else, not for the world" (2.2.96-97). In other words, she"ll beat hard-to-get as lengthy as it will certainly make Romeo woo her, however for no other reason in the world. Rushing on through the exact same thought, she says, "In truth, fair Montague, i am too fond , / and therefore you mayst think my actions light" (2.2.98-99), then assures that she will certainly "prove more true / than those that have much more coying to it is in strange " (2.2.100-101). She adds the she would have been an ext standoffish if he had actually not overheard her, and also ends by questioning him come "not impute this yielding to light love, / which the dark night hath so discovered" (2.2.105-106).Juliet has promised reality in love and also asked for fact in love. Romeo, come prove his truth, begins to swear his through the moon i m sorry shines under upon them, yet Juliet interrupts him and tells him not to swear by the moon, since it is changeable. The asks what he shall oath by, and also she speak him to swear by himself. He begins again, but only it s okay as much as "If mine heart"s too ~ love -- " (2.2.115) before she interrupts again, and tells him not to swear in ~ all. Apparently she feels that for him come swear his love would make whatever just too great to be true. She says, Well, perform not swear. Return I pleasure in thee,I have no happiness of this contract to-night:It is also rash, also unadvised, too sudden;Too prefer the lightning, which doth cease to beEre one can say "It lightens." (2.2.116-120)The word "contract" mirrors that she feel they have committed us to one another, yet the contract has actually been do in a way that has constantly been thought about dangerous. Culture says that before such a appointment is made, a human being should think points over, ask the advice the others, and take many of time; the contract in between Romeo and Juliet has actually been just the the contrary -- "rash," "unadvised," and also "sudden." and because whatever has occurred so quickly, Juliet is afraid that the joy which has come as unexpectedly as lightening might disappear just as suddenly.Torn between the impluse to operation from her fears and also the desire to remain with Romeo, Juliet tries come say goodnight come him. She speak him she hopes that your love, now only a bud, will certainly bloom the following time lock meet, and she desire him the pleasure that he has given her: "Good night, good night! together sweet repose and rest / pertained to thy heart as that in ~ my breast!" (2.2.123-124). The looks together if she"s around to go, yet Romeo exclaims, "O, wilt thou leaving me therefore unsatisfied?" (2.2.125), and also she asks, "What satisfaction canst thou have to-night?" (2.2.126). The answers, "The exchange of her love"s faithful vow for mine" (2.2.127). Romeo"s answer appears to be deep reassuring to Juliet, due to the fact that after this she states hardly an additional word around her fears, and also she starts make wedding plans. Perhaps the explanation because that her adjust in attitude is that she believed Romeo was "unsatisfied" since he want sex, which would certainly have shown her lingering fear that he can be the wrong sort of lover.When Romeo asks only for a vow of pure love, Juliet is much more than ready to provide it. She claims that she has currently given she vow, however wishes the "it to be to provide again" (2.2.129). The asks if that means she wants to take back her vow, and also why she would desire to perform that. She answers "But to be frank, and also give it thee again / and also yet ns wish but for the thing I have" (2.2.131-132). "Frank" (i.e., "free," "generous") is Juliet"s word for the deep satisfaction that comes with giving a gift that is truly appreciated. Juliet desires to feel that sense of sacrament that comes from giving the gift of love, but finds that she already has it, because the an ext she gives, the an ext she has to give. This is just how she explains the miracle of love in herself: "My bounty is together boundless as the sea, / mine love together deep; the more I give to thee, / The an ext I have, for both are infinite" (2.2.133-135).Nurse phone call within:Just as Juliet is informing Romeo how much she loves him, the Nurse call from inside the house. Juliet calls out that she"ll be ideal there, asks Romeo come wait because that her, and also disappears right into the house. In the moment that the is alone, Romeo blesses the night and also is therefore filled with delight that that feels as though it might all be a dream. As soon as Juliet reappears, she"s in a an excellent hurry. (We have the right to guess that she doesn"t desire to arouse the Nurse"s suspicions.) She says, "Three words, too ~ Romeo, and good night indeed" (2.2.142). Making use of a few more 보다 "three words," yet getting right to the point, Juliet speak Romeo that if he desires to marry her he have to send word, by a messenger that she will certainly send, that the time and place. As soon as they are married, she promises, "all mine fortunes at thy foot I"ll put / and follow thee my mr throughout the world" (2.2.147-148). "Fortunes" doesn"t median money, but the remainder of her life, she destiny. Just as Juliet provides this promise, the Nurse call again, and also then again. Juliet is now in even an ext of a hurry. She asks Romeo to leaving her alone if he doesn"t typical well, but she doesn"t seem come think this is a real possibility, together she finishes by telling him the she will send she messenger tomorrow. Romeo starts to reply, however "A thousand times an excellent night!" (2.2.154) she says, and also she"s gone. "A thousand times the worse, to want thy light" (2.2.155), the says. He method that the "good night" is now a thousand times worse, there is no the light of Juliet"s presence. He then starts to leave, commenting the he is going away from his love together reluctantly together a boy goes come school.As quickly as Romeo is ago in the shadows that the garden, Juliet reappears. Apparently she has acquired rid the the Nurse, but she still demands to it is in quiet, and calls out, "Hist! Romeo, hist! O, because that a falconer"s voice, / To lure this tassel-gentle ago again!" (2.2.158-159). A "tassel-gentle" is a male falcon which can be owned just by a prince, and "hist" is a falconer"s call, but a falconer would usage a according to voice, i beg your pardon Juliet can"t do. She"s phone call "hist" in that hoarse whisper which we use when we want to it is in heard, yet only by the appropriate person. She says, "Bondage is hoarse, and also may not speak aloud; / Else would I tear the cave where Echo lies, / and make her airy tongue more hoarse than mine, / with repetition of my Romeo"s name" (2.2.161-163). She is in "bondage" due to the fact that she is in she father Capulet"s house; if she weren"t in bondage she would speak to so loud the her cry would tear with the walls of the nymph Echo"s cave and also make Echo hoarse through calling Romeo"s surname over and also over. Juliet do the efforts again, call out, "Romeo." Hearing she hoarse whisper, Romeo think it is the sweet sound the has ever heard. That says, "It is my spirit that call upon mine name: / exactly how silver-sweet sound lovers" tongues by night, / favor softest music come attending ears!" (2.2.164-166). Quickly, Juliet asks what time the next day she have to send her messenger. Romeo claims to send him by nine. Juliet answers, "I will not fail" (2.2.169). Then follows a type of sweet lull. After the wonder and surprise of detect each other -- and also love -- in the dark garden, and also after hurriedly make plans for their marriage while Juliet dodged in and also out that the house, the lovers now have actually a moment to simply be together. Juliet states to Romeo, "I have actually forgot why i did speak to thee back" (2.2.170), and also Romeo promises to stand appropriate where that is until she remembers. She answers, "I candlestick forget, to have thee still stand there, / Remembering just how I love her company" (2.2.173-174). In other words, in stimulate to have actually him save on was standing there, she will certainly forget to remember why she called him ago because the just thing that she will have the ability to remember is exactly how much she loves his company.Romeo states that he"s willing to was standing there forever and forget the he has any type of other home, however it"s nearly dawn, and Juliet speak him that she wants him to go. Yet not as well far: "And however no further than a wanton"s bird; / Who lets it hop a little from her hand, / choose a negative prisoner in his twisted gyves , / and with a silk subject plucks it earlier again" (2.2.178-180) . Romeo wishes that he were she bird, and Juliet answers, "Sweet, so would certainly I: / yet I should kill thee with lot cherishing" (2.2.182-183). "Cherishing" is not just "loving," but the petting and also playing that us lavish on beloved pets. If Romeo were Juliet"s bird ~ above a string, she would never ever let the go, however now it"s nearly tomorrow and Juliet tears herself away, saying, "Good night, an excellent night! parting is such sweet sorrow, / That i shall say an excellent night till it it is in morrow" (2.2.184-85).
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His farewell is, "Sleep dwell top top thine eyes, peace in her breast!" (2.2.186), and also then he desire to himself that he to be sleep and also peace, so that he would find his rest with her. Juliet is out of sight, and the scene is over, except for 2 lines indigenous Romeo, in i m sorry he says that he will go come Friar Laurence to tell the what has actually happened and also get his help.